Today we are going to talk about the basic composition of CNC milling machine and machining center. Come on and pay attention.
1. CNC milling machine
CNC milling machine according to function is divided into ordinary type and full function type.
(1) Main movement
The main movement of the mechanical transmission device, including the spindle, belt, spindle box ; spindle electrical drive devices, including spindle motors and spindle drives. CNC system on the input instruction data processing, the output control signal to the spindle drive, the spindle driver that the spindle motor to start, stop and frequency control and other control. In the multi-function CNC mill machine tool, the spindle in addition to speed control, there are spindle orientation, positioning and other control.
(2) Feed movement
The feed motor drives include X-axis and Z-axis ball screw pairs, rails, skids, etc. The feed electrical drive includes the X and Z axis servomotors and servo drives. The numerical control system carries on the data processing to the input instruction, outputs the control signal to the servo drive, the servo drive drives the servo motor to drive the ball screw, causes the slide to realize the feeding motion along the X axis and the Z axis, and finally makes the tool relative to the workpiece according to the processing program the specified movement trajectory and velocity movement.
(3) Auxiliary function
CNC milling machine basic auxiliary functions include cutting fluid switch control, lubrication control, tool change tool control, and the spindle box gear shift control. For multi-function CNC milling machines, auxiliary functions include hydraulic tailstock control and hydraulic chuck control. Auxiliary functions from the CNC system PLC and electrical control cabinet in the I / O modules, relays, contactors, and milling machine on the side of the various types of detection switches and gas hydraulic solenoid valve, according to the control logic to complete.
2. Machining Center
The spindle unit is installed in the main shaft box and is driven by the spindle motor through the transmission belt. The spindle drive receives the control signal from the numerical control system, drives the spindle motor to realize the frequency conversion speed control, and starts, stops and quasi-stop.
Before and after the exercise and the spindle box of X axis, Y axis and Z axis ball screw servo motor to achieve the milling machine table about sports, saddle up and down movement of the control signal; receiving a servo drive CNC system, drive X axis, Y axis and Z axis servo motor.
Besides the lubrication, cooling and other basic auxiliary functions, the machining center also has two important auxiliary functions: one is the loose and tight knife control in the spindle; the other is the cutter selection of the tool stock and the mechanical tool change control for the knife.